• EMAD T. SADEEQ Dept. Animal Production, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, University of Duhok
Keywords: Animal mixed feed: Animal feedstuffs: mycotoxin: Aflatoxin B1: Ochratoxin A: T-2 toxin.


Fungi produce different types of mycotoxin under improper storage conditions and during crops
growing period which cause chronic or acute animal toxicities. Aflatoxin B1, Ochratoxin A and T-2 toxin
are mycotoxins that pose a threat to human and animal health. This study was carried out to determine
AFB1, OTA and T-2 levels in animal feed and feedstuffs materials used in animal feed factories and
livestock enterprises throughout Duhok province. The samples that used for analysis (35 mixed feeds and
54 feedstuffs materials) collected from different feed factories and enterprises. Mycotoxins concentrations
were quantified by using immunoassay (ELISA). Results showed that positive samples for AFB1 found in
7 (7.87%), OTA were 21 (23.60%) and T-2 were 8 (8.99%) from 89 samples analysed, whereas negative
samples found for AFB1 were 82 (92.13%), OTA were 68 (76.40%) and T-2 were 81 (91.01).


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Agriculture and Veterinary Science